Monday, June 24, 2013

Was Jesus a "true Christian"?

Flash news, "Due to our common roots, a true Christian cannot be anti-Semitic!". So sayeth Pope Francis. The Church also "firmly condemns hatred, persecution and all manifestations of anti-Semitism."

So, what do we do with a couple of millennia of anti-semitism by the holy church? More importantly, what about the anti-semitic passages in the Bible? For instance, Jesus (according to the Gospel of John) calls Jews, children of the devil.
Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.” -John 8:42-47 (NIV)
[Click on this link for the entire chapter.]

Was John's Jesus an anti-Semite? If so, Pope Francis' boss in heaven may not be a "true Christian" after all!

Note 1: Before you ask, yes, the Pope's attempt to reach out to the Jews and to condemn anti-Semitism is to be applauded. But, the Pope also has to deal with his Church's past, not ignore it.

Note 2: Here is a catholic counter argument. Read it if you don't mind getting a headache!

Sunday, June 23, 2013

Interview with Frank Zindler

The Case Against Bart Ehrman's Historical Jesus

Interview with Frank Zindler, editor and contributor of "Bart Ehrman and the Quest of the Historical Jesus of Nazareth"

Skip to 15m:20secs for the interview.


Wednesday, June 19, 2013

The Activist Atheist

For a while now, I have been posting blasphemous ideas on my Facebook timeline, posts pointing out that the Bible has passages that are bizarre and has God promoting genocide. For instance this one:


Some use humor to point out the problems with Christianity or religion in general. For instance, this one:


I expected some push back and hoped for some dialog. I did get a bit of both.

But after much thought, I have decided that I should move these messages out of my personal Facebook page. No point or no good reason to present these ideas to folks who don't really give a hoot about it. But since I do, I don't want to give it up completely either.

Enter, "The Activist Atheist"! It is a new Facebook page that I and a few like minded folks are launching.

You are welcome to "like", hang out, and if interested start a dialog with us!

Friday, June 14, 2013

Divine Loopholes: 2. Abortion

The Roman Catholic Church's stand on abortion is simple. It does not permit it. [1] [2] This is simple enough and works in most cases.

Mother's life in danger

However, what if the life of the mother is also in danger? Is abortion permitted then? In a lay person's terms, the church permits abortion only if the life of the mother is in danger. The reality is that the rules are a bit more nuanced.

If the mother's life is in danger and if a treatment for the ailment indirectly results in an abortion (or miscarriage), then it is called an indirect abortion. And this is permitted. The principle of double effect is in play here. [3]

If the treatment itself is aborting the fetus, then it is a direct abortion. Direct abortions are not permitted. Such abortions are morally evil, in the church's eyes, even when such an abortion could potentially save the mother's life!

Now, if such is the case when the life of the mother is in danger, then abortion in cases of rape, incest etc. are always morally evil. The Church's penalty of abortion is excommunication. [4]

The Indirect Abortion Loophole

Ectopic pregnancy is one where the fetus implants itself outside the uterus - often inside the Fallopian tube. The treatment for this condition is either medically or surgically aborting and removing the fetus. That would, in the church's eyes be evil unless, the Fallopian tube itself is removed as a treatment for the mother. Such a removal would result in the indirect removal of the fetus which then dies.

This tap dance around the rules provides a possible solution which could save the mother's life!

In the case of a regular pregnancy, but one where the mother has uterine cancer as well, the uterus might be surgically removed and the baby aborted as a result. The abortion is indirect and hence acceptable. [3]

The Soul

The church's stand has two aspects. One is the morality (or the lack thereof) of killing a fetus. The other is that, the church these days teaches that a fetus gets a soul (ensoulment) right at the time of conception. This makes the fetus a human being in the eyes of the church. And since killing a human being is a grave moral sin, so is abortion.

History

The church's stand on ensoulment and abortion has an interesting history. The church like to pretend that its teachings have always been consistent and constant since the foundation of the religion. Reality though, is never that neat, is it?

While the church has in general disapproved of abortion and considered it a sin, its thought on when exactly the ensoulment happened has varied. St. Augustine (354 - 430 AD) in "On Exodus" wrote that ensoulment happened much after conception. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 - 1274) taught that ensoulment happened 40 to 80 days after conception for boys and girls respec.

Pope Innocent III (1161-1216) designated quickening as the time of ensoulment. Quickening is when the mother can feel the movement of the fetus and this is around 15 - 17 weeks.

In 1588, Pope Sixtus V in his Bull Effraenatam made abortion at any stage, an excommunicable offence and punishable as a murder. A mere three years later, in 1591, Pope Gregory XIV reverted the official stand back to delayed ensoulment.

It was only in 1869 that Pope Pius IX officially eliminated the catholic distinction between an animated and a non-animated foetus. Abortion at any stage was again an excommunicable offence! [5] [6] [7]

Pope Leo XIII in a couple of decrees in 1884 and 1886 made it explicitly clear that an abortion even when performed to save a mother's life was morally wrong.

Tricky cases

Determining if a particular case would meet the loophole requirements is tricky. Sister of Mercy Margaret McBride who was on the Phoenix Catholic hospital's ethics committee found this out the hard way. In 2008, she found herself excommunicated for her role in allowing an abortion to take place at the hospital. Fortunately, for rape victims, the rule is simple. [8]

For performing an abortion a nine year old child who had been impregnated by her raping step-father, the Archibishop Jose Cardoso Sobrinho of Recife, Brazil excommunicated her mother and the doctors who performed the procedure. [9] [10]

Well, sometimes, the church has to do what God tells it to do, right?


For more Divine Loopholes, see my earlier post: Natural Family Planning and IVF.

References

[1] Vatican.va, SACRED CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH: Declaration on Procured Abortion  (1974)

[2] Pastoral Constitution On The Church In The Modern World, Gaudium et spesPromulgated By His Holiness, Pope Paul VI. (1965)

Therefore from the moment of its conception life must be guarded with the greatest care while abortion and infanticide are unspeakable crimes.

The good effects of our acts are then directly intended, and the regretted evil consequences are reluctantly permitted to follow because we cannot avoid them. The evil thus permitted is said to be indirectly intended. It is not imputed to us provided four conditions are verified, namely:
  • That we do not wish the evil effects, but make all reasonable efforts to avoid them;
  • That the immediate effect be good in itself;
  • That the evil is not made a means to obtain the good effect; for this would be to do evil that good might come of it — a procedure never allowed;
  • That the good effect be as important at least as the evil effect.
[4] National Catholic Reporter, "Under Vatican ruling, abortion triggers automatic excommunication", John L. Allen Jr, (2003)

[5] ReligiousTolerance.org, Roman Catholicism and abortion access: Overview: Evolution of Roman Catholic positions on abortion.

[6] Rational Wiki, Papal infallibility

[7] wiki.answers.com, Did the Catholic Church always unequivocally oppose abortion?

[8] NCROnline.org, "Nun excommunicated for allowing abortion", (2010).

[9] Time.com, "Nine-Year-Old's Abortion Outrages Brazil's Catholic Church", (2009).

[10] BBC.co.uk, "Vatican backs abortion row bishop", (2009).